Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) was an American psychologist best known for the Theory of the Hierarchy of Human Needs or the Maslow Pyramid. He was a leading psychologist in Humanistic Psychology.
Childhood and youth
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) was born in Brooklyn, United States, on April 1, 1908. He is of Russian and Jewish descent. To escape the situation, Maslow took refuge in libraries.
Education, University & His Work
He studied law at the City College of New York (CCNY), but became interested in psychology, a course he would later take at the University of Wisconsin, where he also did a master’s and doctoral degree.
Maslow studied several currents of psychology such as psychoanalysis, Gestalt and the humanist. He worked on human sexuality research with the psychologist with EL Thorndike at Columbia University. He also coordinated the psychology course at Brandeis. He was responsible for publishing the Journal of Humanist Psychology together with Anthony Sutich, a pioneer in transpersonal psychology studies. In 1961, he encouraged the creation of a magazine on the subject.
Maslow’s most famous theory is that of the “hierarchy of needs“, according to which physiological needs were at the base of others: security, affection, esteem and personal fulfillment. In that order, a need could only be satisfied if the previous one was fulfilled. The research he carried out in Connecticut with a group of blacks and Jews is also famous, revealing their conflicts.
Last Year and Death
Abraham Maslow died in California, United States, on June 8, 1970, victim of a heart attack.